Atlas de rocas sedimentarias
Nuevo Atlas de Geología dedicado en esta ocasión a las rocas sedimentarias que ofrece en 200 ilustraciones a color los constituyentes y texturas más frecuentes de las rocas sedimentarias que pueden observarse utilizando secciones finas o capas de acetato. Debido a que las rocascarbónicas muestran la mayor variedad de tipos de grano, se les dedica la mitad del libro, pero los autores también cubren otros tipos de rocas sedimentarias. Además de los esquemas y láminas, se influye una pequeña introducción de las clasificaciones utilizadas y de las técnicas de tinción aplicadas a la mayoría de las muestras de rocas calcáreas. Esta obra constituye una guía esencial y un manual de laboratorio para el estudiante de Ciencias Geológicas e, incluso, el investigador en geología.
Appieed sedimentology. Second edition
This is the second edition of Applied Sedimentology, and effectively the fourth edition of its predecessor Introduction to Sedimentology, first published in 1976. Geology in general and sedimentology in particular, has changed much during the last 25 years. When the first edition appeared, sediments were studied by geologists, who were bearded, suntanned individuals, with well-developed wilderness-survival skills and an interesting range of tropical diseases. Today, sediments are largely studied by remote sensing, in one form or another, by adept mouse-masters skilled in office survival. Satellite photos, multidimensional seismic surveys, and borehole imagery enable sedimentary rocks to be studied in an air-conditioned office without ever actually being looked at.
Developments in sedimentology carbonate sediments and their diagenesis
The prodigious expansion and diversification of carbonate sedimentology since the mid-1950's have made the writing of a critical synthesis a project of some urgency. In compiling this book I have confined my attention to those aspects of the subject wherein the most significant progress in understanding has been made, namely the Recent marine depositional environments, diagenesis, carbonate chemistry, and the microstructure and ultrastructure of calcareous skeletons. Reluctantly, I have not gone deeply into other matters of great interest, such as the interpretation of ancient limestones, because this would require a second book and several more years.
Clays, Muds, and Shales
The book is basically a critical summary of a large portion (approximately 1600 quoted references) of the clay mineral literature that relates to geology and geologic processes. In some instances I took the liberty of offering interpretations that differed from those of the original authors. I hope I have not offended too many. To you authors whose papers I missed, I apologize; I wish I were knowledgeable enough to have been able to include more non-English publications. Ray Ferrell kindly reviewed the book and made many helpful suggestions. Ray can not be held accountable for errors; there was too much material for one person to review in detail. Thanks Ray, I appreciate it. I am deeply indebted to Pat Rice (now with the USGS), Linda Schwanke and my wife who did most of the typing (word processing), and to my graduate students Martha Carr and Susan Stell who helped with the editing. They were helpful and compassionate during my harassment.
Dlagenesls in sediments and sedimentary rocks 1
The book Diagenesis in Sediments was published in 1967, almost a hundred years after introduction of the term “diagenesis” in geological literature, i.e., in 1868, in Von Guembel’s major work Geognostische Beschreibung des ostbayerischen Grenzge birges. Many decades passed, however, before research into diagenetic processes and products really got underway. It could be stated that up to the 1950’s, the topic of diagenesis formed only a very minor part of geological research literature (see for example, Trask, 1951, and Sujkowski, 1958). Rapid development took place during the next fifteen years, as illustrated by the scope and contents of the above-mentioned work Diagenesis in Sediments. The demand for that book was such that the need arose for a new and revised edition. Because of the scope of the subject and the proliferation of literature on the subject, i t has been necessary to publish the new edition in two volumes. This reflects the growth which has occurred in the research into diagenetic phenomena since the publication of the first edition.
Diagenesis in sediments and sedimentary rocks, 2
A revolutionary expansion of knowledge about sediments and sedimentary rocks has occurred during the last decade. This is largely due to the development of plate tectonics concepts, results of deep-sea drilling, and intensive studies by petroleum geologists. In the first edition of this work, the first one ever published on the subject of diagenesis, in 1967, it was pointed out that although the word “diagenesis” had been in the technical language for almost a century, it was not even listed in the general index of Encyclopedia Britannica: In the meantime, a new edition of the latter has appeared and the omission was corrected. Where as in the first half of the present century. the subject could have been well-covered by a list of one hundred references, today we find well over that number appearing annually.
This Introduction - and its philosophies - are dedicated to the late Johann (Hans) Steiner (Canada) and John Elliston (Australia) for their respective concepts offered far ahead of most of their contemporary fellow scientists. That is, Steiner’s ideas in “The sequence of geological events and the dynamics of the Milky Way Galaxy - the present cosmic year; a preliminary study” (J. Geol. SOC.A ust., 1967, 14(1): 99 - 132) which will eventually be proven to be part of the astronomical, longdistance controls on diagenesis; and Elliston’s physicochemical theories expressed in numerous publications, the latest of which treated the crystallization of hydrosilicates (based on thixotropy, for example) equally applicable to diagenetic systems (cf. Earth-Sci. Rev., 1984/85, vols. 20- 22).
Carbonate Diagenesis and Porosity
This book is an outgrowth of an annual seminar delivered to the Industrial Associates of the Applied Carbonate Research Program for the past 12 years here in Baton Rouge, and a number of public short courses given at various localities in the U.S. and Europe under the auspices of Oil and Gas Consultants of Tulsa, Oklahoma. The aim of these courses and the purpose of this book is to provide the working geologist, and the university graduate student, with a reasonable overview of carbonate diagenesis and its influence on the evolution of carbonate porosity. It is an enormously complex subject, incorporating large dollops of petrography, geochemistry, hydrology, mineralogy, and some would say, witchcraft. I do hope that in my effort to make carbonate diagenesis and porosity evolution understandable to the “normal geologist” that I have not damaged the subject by drifting too far toward over-simplification. In the discussion of tools useful for ehe recognition of diagenetic environments, I have stressed the value of basic petrology and geologic setting because of the perceived audience of this book. In the case of geochemical techniques I attempt to give a balanced view concerning the strengths and constraints of each technique at its present state of development, with the purpose of alerting the reader to the pits and traps that abound in modern high tech geoscience, and to help the reader to evaluate modem published studies in carbonate diagenesis.
Sedimentation models and quantitative stratigraphy
If nature were more obliging, sedimentation would be a continuous process, proceeding at a constant rate in each environment. The dating of geological events could then be achieved by taking simple measurements on the accumulated sediments. Unfortunately, reality is different and sedimentary records usually provide merely relative dates and only rarely can they provide an approximation to absolute dating. However, one can consider theoretical systems of sedimentation which are intermediate between the idealized solution which has been mentioned and the complexities of real geology. A study of such artificial systems can lead to a greatly improved understanding of geological processes in general and to the development of better methods of sedimentary stratigraphy eventually.
Seismic stratigraphy, basin analysis and reservoir characterisation
The interest in seismic stratigraphic techniques to interpret seismic datasets is expanding continuously. The advent of sophisticated subsurface reservoir studies and 4D monitoring, for optimising the hydrocarbon production in existing fields, do demonstrate the importance of the 3D seismic methodology. The added value of reflection seismics has clearly been proven in the last decades and it was especially beneficial on the petroleum development side. Seismic reflection profiles form a vast and solid data source of information on the structure of the subsurface.
Techniques in sedimentology
The techniques available for the study of sediments and sedimentary rocks form the focus of this book. While field aspects are included, greater emphasis is placed on the laboratory examination of sediments. Each chapter provides introductory background material and then proceeds to a discussion of technique, the equipment, and its limitations. A concluding section includes examples of how the techniques can be used to solve sedimentological problems. Techniques in Sedimentology will be an unrivalled textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students and of great use to many other geologists.