Encyclopedia of geology
The Gaia concept has evolved in the 30 years since it was first introduced by James Lovelock, an independent scientist and inventor. It was initially a rather vague model relating to the climate and diversity of the planet Earth, though living organisms were critical to it. The workings of the model were initially unspecified. The concept, however, was one of a ‘superorganism’ operating to ‘regulate’ the planet, especially its surface temperature, yet lacking the ‘foresight’ possessed by intelligent animals. Lovelock updated his work in 2000, publishing The Ages of Gaia. The discussion here is based on this later book, and it is quite unavoidable to echo much of what Lovelock has said, because he is the only and definitive source.
Foundation of engineering geology second edition
The second edition of this well established book provides a readable and highly illustrated overview of the main facets of geology for engineers. Each topic is presented as a double-page spread with a careful mix of text, tables, and diagrams. Comprehensively updated, and with four new sections, Foundations of Engineering Geology covers the entire spectrum of topics of interest to both student and professional
General Dictionary of geology
The subjects of this dictionary are most of geological terms but there are many terms that also related with geophysics, biology, astrophysics, and geography. Geology is an interesting subject in knowing history of Earth creation, creature evolution, ancient Earth life and Earth condition in the past; even find mine, coal, also oil deposit below Earth surface. Petrogeologist study geology to find mine, coal, or oil deposit. Geophysics scientist study geology for recognize the physical characteristics of Earth component such as magnetism, seismicity, elasticity, Eart thermodynamic, by physical experiments in a specific geological structure which consist of specific rocks and minerals. Biology scientist study geology for tracing the historical evolution of creature in its first appearance until this time. Geographers also study geology for recognize a spatial phenomenon of Earth surface that were formed or influenced with a sequences of geological event.
Geology & Geophysics in Oil Exploration
Chapter 1: Sedimentary Rocks
Chapter 2: Depositional Environments
Chapter 3: Structural Geology
Chapter 4: Petroleum Geology
Chapter 5: Seismic Survey
Chapter 6: Seismic Data Processing
Chapter 7: Seismic Data Interpretation
Chapter 8: Well Logging & Mud Logging
Engineering geology field manual. Second edition. Volume II
A few of this edition’s most significant changes to the manual are the addition of a section on water testing for grouting, an expanded chapter on permeability testing, a chapter on the global positioning system, a significantly modified chapter on rip rap, a chapter on foundation preparation, treatment, and cleanup, a chapter on waxing, preserving, and shipping samples, and an index to facilitate finding relevant information. Many other suggested revisions and improvements collected since the manual was first published also are incorporated. Volume I contains material commonly needed in the field, and Volume II includes reference and supplementary information and materials.
Geology of Egypt
The book is well structured: after discussing the nature of sphinxes in general, including the origin of the word "sphinx" in Greek mythology, the author presents an account of the "modern" history of the monument, from the Greek historians, through Napoleon’s military occupation of Egypt to recent archaeological work at the site. The reader is then given a detailed account of the Sphinx itself and the enclosure in which it sits – with descriptions of the various elements of the Sphinx and discussions of issues such as whether the monument originally had a beard.
As early as the introduction, Zivie-Coche dismisses any possibility that the Sphinx may pre-date the Fourth Dynasty, as a number of writers (including myself) have claimed. The book leaves no doubt that the author considers the Sphinx to have been built during the reign of Khafre, but it is disappointing that the chapter on the Old Kingdom history of the Sphinx is one of the shortest in the book (only five pages!). Surely the uncertainty, even amongst Egyptologists, over who actually built the monument is one of its most fascinating aspects, and a more extensive discussion of these issues would likely have added to the popular appeal of this book.
Geophysical methods in geology
Gravity and magnetic prospecting involves using passive potential fields of the Earth, and the fieldwork is thus fairly simple. It is not necessary to fire shots, for example. However, as a result, the end product is fundamentally different too. Seismic prospecting can give a detailed picture of Earth structure with different subsurface components resolved. Gravity and magnetic prospecting, on the other hand, is affected by the fact that the measured signal is a composite of the contributions from all depths and these can only be separated if independent information is available, e.g. from geology or boreholes. It is convenient to study gravity prospecting before magnetic prospecting because the latter is analogous but more complex. Also, once the formulae for gravity calculations have been grasped, the more difficult equivalent magnetic formulae are more easily understood.
This planet contains so much water that perhaps it should have been better named Oceania. It is the only known body in the solar system that is surrounded by water filled with unique geologic structures and teeming with a staggering assortment of marine life. Some of the strangest creatures on Earth, whose ancestors go back several hundred million years, live on the deep ocean floor. Many undersea ridges host an eerie world that time forgot—a cold, dark abyss consisting of tall chimneys spewing hot, mineralrich water that supports unusual species previously unknown to science.
Many earth science courses include an introduction to the solar system. The challenge of earth science is to understand the natural processes that shape not only our planet, Earth, but all objects in the solar system. But there are more compelling arguments for including planetary science in the classroom. Those arguments, some of which are outlined below, inspired NASA to conduct short courses in planetology for earth science teachers at the secondary and college levels. This book is an outgrowth of these short courses.
Physical geology laboratory manual
Geology deals with the physical and historical aspects of the Earth. Physical geology is the study of the composition, behavior, and processes that affect the Earth's lithosphere. The science of geology also provides the means to discover and utilize the Earth's natural resources (coal, gas, petroleum, minerals, etc.). Geologists also study the Earth and its processes so that they can better understand and predict potentially dangerous geologic situations (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods, etc.), which results in the saving of lives. Historical geology, the second introductory course, deals with geology as it relates to the Earth's history.
This laboratory manual begins with the study of common Earth materials, minerals, and rocks that make up the lithosphere, and proceeds to the kinds of forces and situations that can alter (build up or tear down) the surface of the planet.
Fundamentals of soil science
The eighth edition is a major revision in which there has been careful revision of the topics covered as well as changes in the depth of coverage. Many new figures and tables are included. Summary statements are given at the ends of the more difficult sections within chapters, and a summary appears at the end of each chapter. Many nonagricultural examples are included to emphasize the importance of soil properties when soils are used in engineering and urban settings. The topics relating to environmental quality are found throughout the book to add interest to many chapters. Several examples of computer application are included.
Introduction to physical geology
The Earth’s radius is about 6370 kilometers, nearly one and a half times the distance from New York to Los Angeles (Fig. 1–1). If you could drive a magical vehicle from the center of the Earth to the surface at 100 kilometers per hour, the journey would take more than two and a half days. Most of the Earth is composed of rocks. Rock outcrops form some of our planet’s most spectacular scenery: white chalk cliffs, pink sandstone arches, and the grey granite of Yosemite Valley. Rocks, in turn, are composed of minerals (Fig. 1–2). Although more than 3500 different minerals exist, fewer than a dozen are common. Geologists study the origins, properties, and compositions of both rocks and minerals.
Encyclopedia of volcanoes
The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes is a complete reference guide, providing a comprehensive view of volcanism on the Earth and on the other planets of the Solar System that have exhibited volcanic activity. It is the first attempt to gather in one place such a vast store of knowledge on volcanic phenomena.
Thevolume addresses all aspects of volcanism, ranging from the generation of magma, its transport and migration, eruption, and formation of volcanic deposits. It also addresses volcanic hazards, their mitigation, the monitoring of volcanic activity, and economic aspects and, for the first time, analyzes several specific cultural aspects of volcanic activity, including the impact of volcanic activity on archaeology, literature, art, and film. To compose a single volume that is a complete reference for such a farranging phenomenon is indeed a daunting task.
Atlas de geologia
Nuevo Atlas de Geología que ofrece en 200 ilustraciones a color los constituyentes y texturas más frecuentes de las rocas sedimentarias que pueden observarse utilizando secciones finas o capas de acetato. Debido a que las rocas carbónicas muestran la mayor variedad de tipos de grano, se les dedica la mitad del libro, pero los autores también cubren otros tipos de rocas sedimentarias. Además de los esquemas y láminas, se influye una pequeña introducción de las clasificaciones utilizadas y de las técnicas de tinción aplicadas a la mayoría de las muestras de rocas calcáreas. Esta obra constituye una guía esencial y un manual de laboratorio para el estudiante de Ciencias Geológicas e, incluso, el investigador en geología.