The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering
A substantial amount of new knowledge in the field of groundwater engineering has been accumulated over the last decade. In particular, many new developments have taken place in the analysis of contaminant transport both in the saturated and in the unsaturated zones. New techniques for the remediation of contaminated groundwater have been implemented. New approaches in computer modeling of the flow and movement of contaminants have appeared. The problem of modeling the heterogeneity of the geological formations and their effects on flow and transport continues to be a challenge and has been the object of many papers. This information is dispersed in many professional and scientific journals, textbooks, and reports. This new Handbook of Groundwater Engineering attempts to synthesize these facts and to provide this information in an easily accessible form. It contains a blend of professional practice and scientific information.
As with the earlier editions, this book is a hands-on guide to field methods in hydrogeology explaining what techniques are needed, how to carry them out and why they are done that way. Advice is also provided on how to process and interpret the data. A description of drilling and down-hole geophysics methods has been included for the first time to assist those hydrogeologists who are required to supervise the specialist contractors that normally undertake this work, and also to interpret the resulting data. This third edition updates the information on the most recent field methods and the opportunity has been taken to return it to the Field Guide format. The layout is designed to mirror the logical sequence for the development of a conceptual model to understand the hydrogeology of an area, with the associated hydrogeological field studies needed to validate that understanding.
Hydrogeology Principles and Practice
In embarking on writing this book on the principles and practice of hydrogeology, I have purposely aimed to reflect the development of hydrogeology as a science and its relevance to the environment. As a science, hydrogeology requires an interdisciplinary approach with applications to water resources investigations, pollution studies and environmental management. The skills of hydrogeologists are required as much by scientists and engineers as by planners and decision-makers. Within the current era of integrated river basin management, the chance to combine hydrogeology with wider catchment or watershed issues, including the challenge of adapting to climate change, has never been greater. Hence, to equip students to meet these and future challenges, the purpose of this book is to demonstrate the principles of hydrogeology and illustrate the importance of groundwater as a finite and vulnerable resource.
Land and marine hydrogeology
This volume represents an effort to bring together communities of land-based hydrogeology and marine hydrogeology. The ten articles collected in this volume deal with hydrogeology in a broad range of tectonic and geological settings, from mid-ocean ridges to continental margins, from coastal groundwater channels to karst aquifers. They provide examples of how geophysical, geochemical, biological, and engineering approaches are used in various types of hydrogeological observations and modeling.
This is an introductory book on hydrology that covers the fundamental theories on hydrological cycle (water balance, atmospheric water, subsurface water, surface water), precipitation analysis, evaporation and evapotranspiration processes, infiltration, ground water movement, hydrograph analysis, rainfall runoff modelling (unit hydrograph), hydrological flow routing, measurements and data collection, hydrological statistics and hydrological design. The text has been written in a concise format that is integrated with the relevant graphics, examples, questions, answers and full solutions.
Geology and hydrogeology of carbonate islands
About a hundred years ago, Alexander Agassiz, after making a fortune from Michigan copper and becoming the world authority on sea urchins [Revision of the Echini (1873)], undertook to investigate coral reefs and limestone islands. Agassiz's coral reef expeditions, which he financed largely himself, lasted about a decade (1893-1902) and took him to the Bahamas, Bermuda, the Florida Keys, the Great Barrier Reef, the Fijis, Tongatapu, the Society islands, the Cook islands, the Carolines, the Marshalls, Guam, and Niue to name only carbonate islands that are examined in this book. Intellectually, the driving force behind those studies was Darwin's theory of coral reefs [Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs (1842)]. Now, studies of carbonate-island geology are energized by concepts and data of plate tectonics; deep-sea and on-island drilling; isotope geochemistry and geochronology; facies models and diagenetic pathways; sea-level curves and Milankovitch cycles.
Hydrogeology. Field Manual
The first edition of this book, Manual of Applied Field Hydrogeology, resulted from an enquiry by Bob Esposito of the McGraw-Hill Professional Book Group about Montana Tech of the University of Montana’s long running hydrogeology field camp, which was began in 1985 by Dr. Marek Zaluski (Chapter 14). This course was continued under the direction of John Sonderegger and myself from 1989 to 1996, when John Sonderegger retired. In 1997 Chris Gammons (Chapter 7) came on board, and he has assisted in directing this course until the time of this printing. Bob asked whether we would consider taking the course notes and field tasks and putting it into book form. Adetailed outline and proposal was submitted, which was professionally reviewed.
Manual on mathematical models in isotope hydrogeology
Methodologies based on the use of naturally occurring isotopes are, at present, an integral part of studies being undertaken for water resources assessment and management. Applications of isotope methods aim at providing an improved understanding of the overall hydrological system as well as estimating physical parameters of the system related to flow dynamics. Quantitative evaluations based on the temporal and/or spatial distribution of different isotopic species in hydrological systems require conceptual mathematical formulations. Different types of model can be employed depending on the nature of the hydrological system under investigation, the amount and type of data available, and the required accuracy of the parameter to be estimated.
Principles of Hydrogeology
The objective of this book is to introduce key concepts of hydrogeology in a concise, yet informative manner. Its intended audience is college students with no background in hydrogeology. The text assumes that readers have some familiarity with introductory geology and algebra. Practitioners and environmental regulatory officials may also find the book useful, as a reference source, while working on groundwater problems.